addition to positive versus negative values

We should distinguish values from aspirations. The values often represent the attitudes and feelings about the self, established by reaching an aspiration: pride, empowerment, understanding, usefulness, worth or the values may apply to more general ideas such as helping other people, gaining people’s respect, or receiving appreciation for what you do. A clue to important values may be extracted from the negative attitudes as expressed, say in the voices. Thus, the values of smart, and good and sociable could be extracted from voices saying dumb, bad, inept unsociable. You can follow up by asking what activity (aspiration) could you engage in that would make you feel smart, good, and sociable or have other people view you as smart, useful, etc.