Cognitive Distortions in the Psychotic Mode: Part I

Until now, I have not written much about the psychotic mode. There arehowever a number of challenging questions which I would have to confront sooner or later. The first question has to do with the origins of biased beliefs. Does the content of an irrational belief have any relationship to what I have described previously […]

A Holistic (Integrated) Model of Disorders

In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the presence of depression in schizophrenia and at the same time, there has been a strong interest in identifying various functions that are presumed to be defective in schizophrenia. In this memorandum, I will attempt first to a) show how these different functions are represented […]

Approaches to “Acting Out” Behavior

Acting out behavior (a term not used in the pejorative sense) refers to maladaptive behaviors’ ranging from self-mutilation, swallowing objects, cursing and striking out at other people, etc. This category of behaviors shares commonality in that their intended purpose is the attempted alleviation of distressing feelings through inflicting damage on one’s self or on another […]

CT-R in Homeless Individuals

I. How do we use CT-R in homeless individuals who are chronically mentally ill? Evoke the individual’s interests and form a practical working relationship: “I have some recordings of music and would like your opinion of each song,” “You look as though you would like a manicure and I have a set here. Can I […]

The Humanist Manifesto

The more we work with individuals with severe mental illness, the more it becomes clear that these individuals have the same needs, yearnings, and proclivities that we have, but these are accentuated to the paradoxes: These all too human tendencies are often submerged by the “pathological” aspects, such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and the […]


Delusions generally have a persecutory or grandiose content. The content of the delusions represent a pictorial transformation of higher levelemotional experiences such as the belief in being controlled devalued, scrutinized etc. These higher level experiences are translated into images of being influenced by rays from an influencing machine, being observed by multiple cameras, having one’s […]