Most delusions have fantastic content which when activated operates as strong beliefs that shape interpretation of events and motivate behavior that is consistent with the extreme content. Hypotheses: Bias: The delusions are characterized as are other strong beliefs by a powerful confirmation bias which includes consistent information and excludes inconsistent information. As a result, neither […]

Modifying Staff Attitudes and Behavior

Chronic/Persistent Staff Attitudes towards Individuals (particularly in crisis situations): Anxious: catastrophizing “Things will get out of control”, may be reprimanded by supervisor or lose job unless individual is brought under control. Hopeless:“Nothing I do seems to work with these individuals. They are not able to improve”. Apathetic:“It is justa job. Check in in the morning […]

Concept of recovery

While the general description of Recovery focuses on worthwhile objectives such as purpose, productivity, making friends, rejoining family, etc., we believe that to implement these values, it is imperative to activate and maintain the adaptive mode. When this mode is energized and sustained, the individual can utilize his/ her judgment, make rational choices, adjust flexibly […]

Recovery and the Disease vs. Psychosocial Disorder: Concept of Schizophrenia

A person’s view of schizophrenia and recovery is often dependent on whether they view schizophrenia primarily as a disease or a disorder. The choice of concepts depends on the level of analysis. If one focuses on schizophrenia as a disease, then the various elements such as attenuationof connection from Prefrontal cortexto Amygdala, the thinning of […]

Resilience vs. Overreaction to Stress

In order to cultivate an understanding of what strategies lead to resilience, it is important to explore the mechanisms leading to excessive reactions in response to stress.We have already reviewed the large body of literature which indicates the diminishment of the cognitive triad (thenegative view of the self,of others and negative expectations of the immediate […]

Outline for Treatment Plan: The Two Modes in Schizophrenia

People have remarked on the fact that many of the activities that we facilitate seem to be superficialor prosaic, and thereforelacking inhaving an enduring impacton the individual. It is true that we support the use of “natural” activities such as playing games, having parties, or going for a walk. These activities have the value of […]

A Large Percentage of Self-Mutilation & Aggressive Behavior is Based on Borderline Personality Beliefs

Hypothesis It has occurred to me in hearing about the self-mutilation and aggressive behavior that they follow a pathway of vulnerability -> stress. The vulnerability is based on dysfunctional attitudes such as, “if people disregard my wishes, they are hostile to me,” or “if people don’t respond to me, it means they don’t like me.”  When […]

Learning/Unlearning: Resilience & Personalization

Since the brain is still developing, during the experience of psychosis, the majority of the individuals miss out on the kind of learning experiences that will help them to adapt. On the other hand, the learning that does take place often involves the ideas that the individual is abnormal, inferior, devalued, and undesirable. The therapy […]

Schizophrenia and Depression

Schizophrenia and depression overlap in many ways. First of all, the negative symptoms and the dysfunctional attitudes are essentially the same in both conditions. Factor II of the negative symptoms is also similar in the two conditions: flat affect, alogia, and reduction of social gestures. The main difference seems to be apathy, which is characteristic […]