Dysfunctional Beliefs: Causal Role in Negative Symptoms and Neurocognitive Impairments

A cluster of related beliefs forms a direct path to the negative symptoms. Defeatist beliefs lead to loss of purpose and goals. An expectation of lack of satisfaction leads to anhedonia. The belief in social alienation leads to asociality. The general defeatist beliefs, lead to amotivation, leading to inactivity. The probable sequence is that people […]

The Contrasting role of dysfunctional negative beliefs and positive beliefs in Schizophrenia

Summary We have observed that individuals react in a positive way to stimulating experiences.  They become more animated, cheerful, and reasonable, when participating in stimulating activities, such as playing games, preparing meals, and engaging in group sports.  In fact, they are indistinguishable from the line staff when they are engaged collaboratively in these endeavors.  It […]

Schemas, Dysfunctional Attitudes, & Voices

The individual forms negative schemas, which can be uncovered by testing the self-concept and dysfunctional beliefs. The negative self-concept, at some point, provides the content for the voices. The negative self-concept is represented in the defeatist beliefs. The appearance of defeatist beliefs and the experience of voices can appear concomitantly or separately. The negative self-concept, […]