Cognitive Distortions in the Psychotic Mode: Part I

Until now, I have not written much about the psychotic mode. There arehowever a number of challenging questions which I would have to confront sooner or later. The first question has to do with the origins of biased beliefs. Does the content of an irrational belief have any relationship to what I have described previously […]

A Holistic (Integrated) Model of Disorders

In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the presence of depression in schizophrenia and at the same time, there has been a strong interest in identifying various functions that are presumed to be defective in schizophrenia. In this memorandum, I will attempt first to a) show how these different functions are represented […]

Cognitive Behavior Therapy/ Recovery Oriented Cognitive Therapy (CT-R) as a Product of the Enlightenment

I believe that the three principles of the enlightenment form the foundation of cognitive therapy I. Humanism Definition: Humanism is a philosophical doctrine which emphasizes human value such as agency (independent action) and critical thinking as opposed to superstition and dogma. The humanistic application to cognitive therapy and particularly recovery-oriented cognitive therapy is: a) emphasizing […]

Concept of recovery

While the general description of Recovery focuses on worthwhile objectives such as purpose, productivity, making friends, rejoining family, etc., we believe that to implement these values, it is imperative to activate and maintain the adaptive mode. When this mode is energized and sustained, the individual can utilize his/ her judgment, make rational choices, adjust flexibly […]

Recovery and the Disease vs. Psychosocial Disorder: Concept of Schizophrenia

A person’s view of schizophrenia and recovery is often dependent on whether they view schizophrenia primarily as a disease or a disorder. The choice of concepts depends on the level of analysis. If one focuses on schizophrenia as a disease, then the various elements such as attenuationof connection from Prefrontal cortexto Amygdala, the thinning of […]

Outline for Treatment Plan: The Two Modes in Schizophrenia

People have remarked on the fact that many of the activities that we facilitate seem to be superficialor prosaic, and thereforelacking inhaving an enduring impacton the individual. It is true that we support the use of “natural” activities such as playing games, having parties, or going for a walk. These activities have the value of […]

Resume of Recovery-Oriented CT (CT-R)

The delusions and apparently irrational thinking actually represent a translation or transformation of familiar beliefs and wishes. The trick is to back-translate or re-transform the delusions into their original, normal sounding beliefs. When this is done, it is possible then to understand the individual’s idiosyncratic behavior and unusual thinking patterns. The take home message is […]

What we have Learned from the Card-Sorting Experiment: Theory of Modes

We have all observed the rapid transformation of an individual from sitting in a corner with a towel over the head and uncommunicative, to an animated, joyful state, when participating in a stimulating activity, such as a birthday party or a talent show. In the card-sorting experiment, the individuals move through a series of intermediate […]