Simple Guide for CT-R of Negative Symptoms

I have listed below the strategies and techniques that are used for each of the negative symptoms in schizophrenia. While there is a considerable crossover of the techniques and the symptoms, this is a simple guide for beginners. It is important to clarify that CT-R itself is much broader and encompasses many facets which will […]

The Longitudinal Pathway to the Negative Syndrome in Schizophrenia

A number of studies have proposed the relationship of familial incidents, gene mutations, early neuro-motor difficulties, behavioral problems in school, and psychosocial difficulties in school, relativity low performance on academic and psychological tests, and dysfunctional attitudes prior to the development of schizophrenia. These various predictive findings can be collated to provide a hypothetical picture of […]

Negative Syndrome I

Definition of the Adaptive Mode The adaptive mode is defined as a blend of all the relevant capacitates to meet the internal needs and external demand characteristics of a situation. Irrational/ Maladaptive Mode A. Generalized stamping down of the general functioning of the individual 1. General negative attitudes leading and expectancies leading to anhedonia, amotivation, […]

Therapeutic Intervention for Positive & Negative Symptoms

Dear all,We have already demonstrated that by rejuvenating the individual, we are able to demonstrate improvement in their overall functioning, as well as in the positive and negative symptoms. A more refined approach, however, is based on the case formulation. This approach consists of developing, with the patient, experiential ways of reversing the negative attitudes. […]

Factor II of the Negative Symptoms

As you know, there are two factors of the negative symptoms: the first factor has been labeled “experience,” and it has to do with the conscious experience of not wanting to do anything, avoidance, anhedonia, asociality, etc. In a sense, the individual makes a conscious decision not to become more active, generally based on defeatist […]

Factors of Negative Syndrome and their Significance

In recent years there have been at least 4-factor analyses of the negative symptoms schedules or checklists. While the titles differ, the analyses yield two factors; the first labeled avolition, includes avolition, apathy, anhedonia (see below), asociality, and diminished activity. The second factor, labeled social expressiveness, has to do with the physical movements or lack […]

Formulation of Symptoms of Negative Syndrome

1. In thinking of the description and treatment (and course) of the negative syndrome, consider the following: John H. has been hospitalized for over four years. When introduced to his therapist, he is slouched in an armchair in the corner, staring vacantly into space, and apparently detached from the immediate environment. When questioned, by the […]

Schizophrenia: Question “Deterioration of Brain” Due to Negative Symptoms

1. Simplistic explanation: if you don’t use your brain, it’s like a muscle it atrophies over time. 2. Increasing the activity of the brain increases its bulk. 3. The “cause” of the inactivity has to do with the negative symptoms. The sequence is defeatist attitudes–> reduced motivation–> reduced activity. The reduction in acidity involves diminished […]