Different Approaches to Treating Severely Mentally Ill

Behaviorism and the Token Economy: This approach is based on the behavioral principle of positive reinforcement. It consist of the individuals receiving credit for the various participating in variousactivities and being rewarded by going shopping etc. when they reach a certain number of credits the obvious drawback is that the systems works with the high […]

Supplemental Materials for our Published Paper (2018)

Psychological Medicine published our article, “What accounts for poor functioning in people with schizophrenia: a re-evaluation of the contributions of neurocognitive v. attitudinal and motivational factors.” A description of the development and validation of the Penn and the matrix battery did not make it to the paper, but we detailed here for your review.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy/ Recovery Oriented Cognitive Therapy (CT-R) as a Product of the Enlightenment

I believe that the three principles of the enlightenment form the foundation of cognitive therapy I. Humanism Definition: Humanism is a philosophical doctrine which emphasizes human value such as agency (independent action) and critical thinking as opposed to superstition and dogma. The humanistic application to cognitive therapy and particularly recovery-oriented cognitive therapy is: a) emphasizing […]

Differences between Depression and Negative Syndrome of Schizophrenia

The literature shows a very wide disparity in the frequency of both depression and the negative syndrome in schizophrenia (Patel, 2015, Kirkpatrick, 2006, An der Heiden, Leber, & Häfner, 2016, Foussias &Remington, 2010, Sonmez, 2016). The current conclusion is that there is a wealth of similarity in the behavior in both conditions […]


Most delusions have fantastic content which when activated operates as strong beliefs that shape interpretation of events and motivate behavior that is consistent with the extreme content. Hypotheses: Bias: The delusions are characterized as are other strong beliefs by a powerful confirmation bias which includes consistent information and excludes inconsistent information. As a result, neither […]

Modifying Staff Attitudes and Behavior

Chronic/Persistent Staff Attitudes towards Individuals (particularly in crisis situations): Anxious: catastrophizing “Things will get out of control”, may be reprimanded by supervisor or lose job unless individual is brought under control. Hopeless:“Nothing I do seems to work with these individuals. They are not able to improve”. Apathetic:“It is justa job. Check in in the morning […]

Concept of recovery

While the general description of Recovery focuses on worthwhile objectives such as purpose, productivity, making friends, rejoining family, etc., we believe that to implement these values, it is imperative to activate and maintain the adaptive mode. When this mode is energized and sustained, the individual can utilize his/ her judgment, make rational choices, adjust flexibly […]

Recovery and the Disease vs. Psychosocial Disorder: Concept of Schizophrenia

A person’s view of schizophrenia and recovery is often dependent on whether they view schizophrenia primarily as a disease or a disorder. The choice of concepts depends on the level of analysis. If one focuses on schizophrenia as a disease, then the various elements such as attenuationof connection from Prefrontal cortexto Amygdala, the thinning of […]

Resilience vs. Overreaction to Stress

In order to cultivate an understanding of what strategies lead to resilience, it is important to explore the mechanisms leading to excessive reactions in response to stress.We have already reviewed the large body of literature which indicates the diminishment of the cognitive triad (thenegative view of the self,of others and negative expectations of the immediate […]

Outline for Treatment Plan: The Two Modes in Schizophrenia

People have remarked on the fact that many of the activities that we facilitate seem to be superficialor prosaic, and thereforelacking inhaving an enduring impacton the individual. It is true that we support the use of “natural” activities such as playing games, having parties, or going for a walk. These activities have the value of […]